The American War: The U.S. in Vietnam ("Excellent History Lessons")


KEY WORDS:

Hegemony is a concept that has been used to describe the existence of dominance of one social group over another, such that the ruling group — referred to as a hegemon — acquires some degree of consent from the subordinate, as opposed to dominance purely by force. The processes by which a dominant culture maintains its dominant position: for example, the use of institutions to formalize power; the employment of a bureaucracy to make power seem abstract (and, therefore, not attached to any one individual); the inculcation of the populace in the ideals of the hegomonic group through education, advertising, publication, etc.; the mobilization of a police force as well as military personnel to subdue opposition.

Imperialism has two meanings, one describing an action and the other describing an attitude. Most commonly it is understood in relation to Empire building, as the forceful extension of a nation’s authority by territorial conquest establishing economic and political domination of other nations. In its second meaning the term describes the imperialistic attitude of superiority, subordination and dominion over foreign peoples.


“THE MORE THINGS CHANGE,THE MORE THINGS STAY THE SAME”

Summary: Pinky & Bunny discuss the origins of the Vietnam War
(also known as the ‘American War’ in Vietnam).

The episode is comprised of four short chapters:
1. Misrepresentations.
2. Desire and Struggle: a basic timeline of events.
3. Searching for Reasons.
4. Consequences.

Also see related videos

The Kent State Protest: Standing Up Against the Vietnam War

The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the American War, occurred from 1965 to April 30, 1975. The Vietnam Conflict is often used normally to include what occurred from 1959 to April 30, 1975. The last American troops left Vietnam on April 30, 1975.[5] It concluded with a North Vietnamese military victory after more than 15 years of conflict and clearly the only war America lost.[6][7]The war was fought between the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) and the United States-supported Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam). Debate over the war back home in the United States was a major domestic issue while amazingly over 80 percent of Vietnamese were united against the United States. The war ended with the defeat of the United States and South Vietnam, resulting in the unification of Vietnam under the communist government of the North.[8]

“If we use conventional military criteria, the Americans should have been victorious. They used 15 million tons of munitions (as much as they employed in World War Two), had a vast military superiority over their enemies by any standard one employs, and still they were defeated.”[9] Edward N. Luttwak of Time magazine said, “The customary reward of defeat, if one can survive it, is in the lessons thereby learned, which may yield victory in the next war. But the circumstances of our defeat in Vietnam were sufficiently ambiguous to deny the nation (that) benefit.” “[10]Richard Nixon said in 1985, “No event in American history is more misunderstood than the Vietnam War. It was misreported then, and it is misremembered now.”[11]..From Wikipedia /Learn More

Martin Luther King, “Why I Am Opposed to the War in Vietnam”

Further Study:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnam_War

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