Written by anotherDarkknightdocument.write(localTime(‘Apr 21, 2008 17:19 GMT’))
The Black Panther Party and Beyond
In American history, the 60’s proved to be a time of radical change. Assisting this change were two idealistic young African-American men. Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale after experiencing a lifetime of injustice and witnessing the Watts riots, decided to become an active part towards initiating change. The two became members of R.A.M (revolutionary action movement), this group being very violent was too extreme and not meeting their idealistically militant ideas for reform. After renouncing membership, they decided to form their own organization and the Black Panther Party was born.
In Oakland,CA 1966 these men founded the Black Panther Party. This organiztion mirrored the political views of Malcolm X, and their knowledge of Marxism and Leninism. Newton and Seale met while students of community college, Newton later graduating from San Fransisco law school.
In October of 1966 the two penned a ten point declaration which states:
1) We Want Freedom. We Want Power To Determine
The Destiny Of Our Black Community.
We believe that Black people will not be free until we are able to determine our destiny.
2) We Want Full Employment For Our People.
We believe that the federal government is responsible and obligated to give every man employment or a guaranteed income. We believe that if the White American businessmen will not give full employment, then the means of production should be taken from the businessmen and placed in the community so that the people of the community can organize and employ all of its people and give a high standard of living.
3) We Want An End To The Robbery
By The Capitalists Of Our Black Community.
We believe that this racist government has robbed us, and now we are demanding the overdue debt of forty acres and two mules. Forty acres and two mules were promised 100 years ago as restitution for slave labor and mass murder of Black people. We will accept the payment in currency which will be distributed to our many communities. The Germans are now aiding the Jews in Israel for the genocide of the Jewish people. The Germans murdered six million Jews. The American racist has taken part in the slaughter of over fifty million Black people; therefore, we feel that this is a modest demand that we make.
4) We Want Decent Housing Fit For The Shelter Of Human Beings.
We believe that if the White Landlords will not give decent housing to our Black community, then the housing and the land should be made into cooperatives so that our community, with government aid, can build and make decent housing for its people.
5) We Want Education For Our People That Exposes The True Nature Of This Decadent American Society. We Want Education That Teaches Us Our True History And Our Role In The Present-Day Society.
We believe in an educational system that will give to our people a knowledge of self. If a man does not have knowledge of himself and his position in society and the world, then he has little chance to relate to anything else.
6) We Want All Black Men To Be Exempt From Military Service.
We believe that Black people should not be forced to fight in the military service to defend a racist government that does not protect us. We will not fight and kill other people of color in the world who, like Black people, are being victimized by the White racist government of America. We will protect ourselves from the force and violence of the racist police and the racist military, by whatever means necessary.
7) We Want An Immediate End To Police Brutality And Murder Of Black People.
We believe we can end police brutality in our Black community by organizing Black self-defense groups that are dedicated to defending our Black community from racist police oppression and brutality. The Second Amendment to the Constitution of the United States gives a right to bear arms. We therefore believe that all Black people should arm themselves for self- defense.
8) We Want Freedom For All Black Men Held In Federal, State, County And City Prisons And Jails.
We believe that all Black people should be released from the many jails and prisons because they have not received a fair and impartial trial.
9) We Want All Black People When Brought To Trial To Be Tried In
Court By A Jury Of Their Peer Group Or People From Their Black
Communities, As Defined By The Constitution Of The United States.
We believe that the courts should follow the United States Constitution so that Black people will receive fair trials. The Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution gives a man a right to be tried by his peer group. A peer is a person from a similar economic, social, religious, geographical, environmental, historical and racial background. To do this the court will be forced to select a jury from the Black community from which the Black defendant came. We have been, and are being, tried by all-White juries that have no understanding of the “average reasoning man” of the Black community.
10) We Want Land, Bread, Housing, Education, Clothing, Justice And Peace.
When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume, among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect of the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
In the beginning membership was only allowed to African -Americans, later to be changed. After the rapid expansion to numerous major cities, it was realized that this practice was the behavior of a “Black Supremacist group” and was eliminated. The (BPP) maintained alliances with a diverse group of organizations such as, (SDS) Students for a Democratic Society, Chicano Brown Berets, the post-Stonewall Riot Gay Liberation Front,and the Youth International Party (Yippies). Even though many posses negative ideas regarding the (BPP) as a hostile threat to mankind, the truth was these individuals sought justice and power for all. Yes, they carried firearms but they also carried law journals, and tape recorders for the documenting of conversation during police brutality.
Due to issues involving the internal direction of group policies, The Black Panther party was short lived, collapsing in the early 70’s, but their influence was felt by many. J.Edgar Hoover described the (BPP) as being, “The greatest threat to the internal security of this country!” With this firm belief, initiated a systematic murder or imprisonment of its high ranking party members. This misuse and manipulation of government authority only fueled the flames for its member’s determination, and recruited the support of high profile celebrities and world leaders. An example of this was displayed during the 1968 Olympics by the winners of the 200m dash. The gold and silver medalist (Tommie Smith, John Carlos) during the playing of the star spangled banner, with lowered heads, raised a single black glove covered fist. While bronze medalist (Peter Norman) provided allegiance by adorning an Olympic project for human rights badge on his jacket. These San Jose University students had planned this display, but Carlos forgot his pair of gloves, so Newton suggested they share Smith’s. The three were ostracized by the citizens of the U.S. and Australia. The Americans were stripped of their medals and banned from the games. Smith later said “If I win, I am American, not a black American. But if I did something bad, then they would say I am a Negro. We are black and we are proud of being black. Black America will understand what we did tonight.” Upon return the two received death threats for years.
It’s almost ironic that in 1968, San Jose University scorned its student’s behavior now commemorates it with a twenty foot high statue. The athletes remained close friends, Tommie Smith and John Carlos even served as pall-bearers at the funeral for Peter Norman, who passed away in 2006 from a heart attack at the age of 64 yrs old. Their demand for human justice is one of the most recognized moments captured at an Olympic games.
In 1989 the New Black Panther Party Movement began in Dallas,TX receiving extremely mixed reviews. Under chairmanship of Khalid Abdul Muhammad, the original members of the (BPP) insist the (NBPP) is illegitimate, and consider the rebirth an insult. It has been stated:
As guardian of the true history of the Black Panther Party, the [Dr. Huey P. Newton] Foundation, which includes former leading members of the Party, denounces this group’s exploitation of the Party’s name and history. Failing to find its own legitimacy in the black community, this band would graft the Party’s name upon itself, which we condemn… [They denigrate the Party’s name by promoting concepts absolutely counter to the revolutionary principles on which the Party was founded… The Black Panthers were never a group of angry young militants full of fury toward the “white establishment.” The Party operated on love for black people, not hatred of white people.
– Dr. Huey P. Newton Foundation , There Is No New Black Panther Party
This new party is comprised mostly of Black Muslims with a separatist mentality and has a disregard for diversity. Their agenda is negative and its views are racists. Many members voice opinions that are anti-Semitic, mostly in the form of a negative conspiracy theory. This malicious new organization blemishes what the original Black Panther Party stood for with their blatant disrespect for the rights of other cultures. They claim that anyone can use this name and that the original party is filled with a bunch of, “has been wanna be Panthers” just because they have chosen to use a less militant, politically correct approach towards social reform. The New Black Panther Party and their tactics are considered similar to those endorsed by any supremacist group, giving them the appearance of a self-glorified street gang.
The original Black Panther Party helped pave a way to ending poverty, leading to hope with its re-affirmation of pride. These achievements were accomplished with the use of, ”Brains and Brawn” . At that time the Panther’s views may have seemed a bit quixotic and maybe they were, but unlike the popular view of The Black Panthers, their goal was the acquisition of education, the end of poverty and injustice, for the founding of a positive social evolution.
document.write(localTime(‘Apr 23, 2008 17:22 GMT’))
I think the post is fitting overall as the original BPP’s 10 point program / what we want is still needed 50 years later. That is why I kept the import and edited it with film and such. However you editorial on the NBBP is misguided. At least in regards to the program and education they provide regarding current events as it relates to history. In this respect “THEY ARE THEV TRUTH”. The masses of our people are in a worst condition today, as to those wants, than we were 50 years ago. All you have to do is read this zine to know that. Suggestion…don’t just parrot what you here others say. Do like Malcolm use to teach…Check it out for yourself.
It a very will documented and on point.
By-the-way the term/concept and real Original Black Panther Party was a Black Independent Political Party started by the Lowndes County (Alabama) Freedom Organization
So no black person or group has a monopoly our struggle. The struggle continues in keeping with the times.
1. TO DEVELOP A BLACK POWER MOVEMENT:
We, the New Black Panther Party for Self Defense local chapter, representing the national New Black Panther Party, are currently organizing for the benefit of our people in this city, region, nation, and all over the earth. To this end we scientifically and consistently organize to redeem our people and ourselves. We recognize the necessity for Ujima (Collective work and responsibility). We strive to develop a Black Power Movement in the local area to develop complete constructive change amongst our people and to defend our rights.
We as a local and national party strive for Black Unity (Umoja) and Black Solidarity with other Black organizations worldwide. We shall build alliances with organizations, leaders, Churches, Mosques and like. When necessary we must deal firmly and appropriately with “Black” leadership who betray the interests of the Black community or Black Nation.
We recognize our Divine destiny and the need for Divine guidance in our movement. We are not a religion, however all faiths and spiritual practices are respected and studied from a Black liberation perspective. We support Black liberation and salvation theology as a necessary weapon to redeem ourselves after our enemy has destroyed us. We affirm our Imani (Faith) in the victory of our just cause.
“One God, One Aim, One Destiny…” The Honorable Marcus Mosiah Garvey
2. TO DEVELOP BLACK POWER THROUGH EDUCATION:
We, the New Black Panther Party, work to educate our people, particularly the youth. To that end, our movement educates and teaches the community at our weekly meetings; public forums, rallies; programs; town hall meetings; on the streets; in the schools; in the projects; on the radio; through electronic and print media, and anywhere where knowledge needs to be forwarded.
Most of our youth are currently in the public school system. For this reason we will take an active role in school board affairs and general work in the regional public schools. We will struggle to turn the local school board back into the electoral hands of our people. We also struggle to ensure that knowledge of self and history is taught in the local and regional School Board systems.
We support development of independent African-Centered schools. We shall establish our own schools as a Party. We encourage college degrees, professional degrees, as well as trade and vocational training. We strive for the knowledge to compete with the best in civilization. Education also, includes a knowledge of better diet and health practices.
A proper education enables us to define, thereby develop and defend what is in our Black self-interest, giving us Kujichagulia-self determination. See point # 5 of our National 10 point program.
3. TO DEVELOP AND DEFEND BLACK ECONOMIC POWER:
We struggle to promote and develop a Black economy. We must control the money that flows in our community. We must own and control the businesses in our community. We struggle for Black owned stores, banks, supermarkets, Laundromats, hotels, cab companies, beauty supply shops, retail outlets, restaurants shopping centers and the like.
We must… WE MUST establish trade with our selves our motherland Africa, and the nations of the earth. We must BUY BLACK as often as possible and cease unnecessary spending with non-Black owned businesses.
The Hon. Marcus Garvey’s U.N.I.A. and the Hon. Elijah Muhammad’s Nation of Islam are two great historical examples of building a Black economy.
The businesses that currently operate in our community cannot be allowed to exploit the community. We shun exploitation, regardless of the race of the exploiter. We must remove the foreign economic “bloodsuckers”, from our community.
We support UJAMAA- (Cooperative Economics.) Please see point #3 on our National 10 point program
4. TO DEVELOP AND DEFEND BLACK POLITICAL POWER:
We recognize the reality of politics as being a process that controls the distribution of resources in the city and our community. We built the city, region and country, and are currently forced to pay taxes. To that end we, the New Black Panther Party engage in the political process to ensure the proper use of our communities tax dollars and other dollars that were stolen, by whites, from us.
“Politically, Black Nationalism means to control the politics and politicians in our community.”…Malcolm X
We shall be active in the affairs of the politics of the District, region, and National Government, which impact our people. We will deal with the local city council, regional governments, school boards, ANC’s etc. We shall back strong Black candidates when they meet the Black Agenda test requirements. We encourage political awareness and activity to further the Black agenda. All Black politicians who betray the people must be dealt with. We understand that political power is limited, absent economic power and a true knowledge of self.
We are 100% opposed to gentrification or white takeover of the inner city. We demand full self-determination for particularly after having built the city and nation. Self-determination today is denied because of blatant racism.
We struggle to establish our own provisional government (in unity with other Black organizations), in order take control of our communities and in preparation for our own government soon to come! We advocate political alliances with all African -Black Organizations that are uncompromising in the struggle for liberation. We also will organize with the other oppressed people of color. The New Black Panther Party for Self-Defense is all Black, not integrationist.
5. TO DEVELOP AND ENFORCE ACCOUNTABILITY IN LAW ENFORCEMENT AND THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM:
We respect the Police in our community who show proper respect for our community. We respect those in authority as long they respect us. God alone is our master.
We, the New Black Panther Party for Self Defense, mobilize and organize for an end to police brutality and misconduct. We demand the police in our community, and elsewhere, respect the Human Rights of our people and their constitutional rights.
We call on Black Police officers to recognize that they are Black men and women first and police officers second. We call on Black police officers to recognize our common enemy who put our people in this condition.
We demand full accountability of the police to the citizens of the Black Community. We strive for community police review boards with legal power to seek indictments, punish and discipline rogue police officers. We will monitor and observe the police according to the law. We call for an immediate end to surveillance cameras in the Black community
We struggle to reform areas in our community or nation from the negative behavior that the slave master and the decadent American way of life imposed upon us. We believe in our divine and legal rights to self-defense after over 400 years of abuse.
The criminal justice system must be held accountable to the will of our people and not a cruel ex-slave master that desires to see our people continuously incarcerated. Of course, our work is in the jails and prisons where many great brothers and sisters are locked up. We demand immediate freedom for all political prisoners and prisoners of racist political circumstance.
6. TO DEVELOP AND DEFEND BLACK YOUTH:
The New Black Panther for Self-Defense recognizes the good qualities and leadership potential in Black youth. We seek to help them to become leaders and defenders of our community. The future of our nation depends on this so-called lost generation. The history of the liberation struggle shows us Black youth at the forefront. We excitedly welcome Black youth into our ranks.
We call for an end to gang violence and an end to Black on Black violence in general. We demand, locally, billions of dollars in reparations specifically for the salvation and education of our young people. Every Black youth or able-bodied person in this city and region should be afforded a proper education and reasonable job at a good wage after the robbery of our people for over 400 years.
We demand an immediate end to the wholesale incarceration and criminilization of Black youth.
We invite Black college student participation and affirm continuity in struggle through youth!
7. TO RECLAIM AND DEVELOP BLACK NIEGHBORHOODS:
We strive, with community residents, to reclaim and clean up our community, block by block. We organize patrols, community events, and programs to reclaim our neighborhoods. We feed and clothe the homeless (with community support) and always work with the downtrodden in our society.
We demand adequate health care and rehabilitation in our community!!
NO, WE ARE NOT GUARDIAN ANGELS.
Again we must fight gentrification or THE WHITE TAKEOVER of the (CITY). We recognize this as a conspiracy to remove our people, and will fight against it by any means necessary. We, with the community, shall establish a new code of conduct in the Black community of love, sisterhood, brotherhood, intelligence, peace, respect and unity and struggle.
8. TO DEFEND BLACK RIGHTS IN GENERAL:
We shall struggle and organize against all forms of racism and discrimination against black people in the region: federal, state and local government racism, corporate racism; consumer racism; police discrimination, housing discrimination and racist discrimination in general. The New Black Panther Party is the vigilant defender of Black people’s divine, human and legal rights.
To this end we work through the BLACK DEFENSE LEAUGE (an OAAU) and call On Black legal organizations, attorneys, Black activists, pastors; preachers; churches; organizations, and leadership of every Black stripe to join with us against the evils of racism, inequality and injustice.
“FREEDOM OR DEATH!”
9. WE DEMAND LOCAL REPARATIONS AND COMPENSATION:
WE AFFIRM THAT THE GOVERNMENTS, CORPORATIONS AND WHITE PRIVATE CITIZENS OF THE REGION, HAVE WILLFULLY, INTENTIONALLY AND RECKLESSLY ENSLAVED, DISCRIMINATED AGAINST,
ROBBED AND DISFRANCHISED OUR PEOPLE IN COUNTLESS AND INNUMERABLE WAYS. WE AFFIRM THAT THE SAME ENTITIES WEALTH IN THE REGION IS ROOTED IN THE SLAVE TRADE-SYSTEM AND CURRENTLY PROFIT FROM CONTEMPORARY RACISM AND DISENFRANCHISEMENT.
WE THEREBY DEMAND THAT THE GUILTY PARTIES RELINQUISH BILLIONS OF DOLLARS OWED IN FINANCE, LAND AND OTHER NECESSARY SUPPLIES, AS PARTIAL REPARATIONS, TO PARTIALLY COMPENSATE FOR OVER 400 YEARS SLAVERY, DISCRIMINATION, RACISM, BRUTALITY, ROBBERY, THEFT, LAND-STEALING, SUFFERING, DEATH, PHYSICAL AND MENTAL INJURIES, GENERAL ABUSE, DEFAMATION, SLANDER AND A HOST OF OTHER CRIMES AND TORTS OF THE BROADEST AND WORST MAGNITUDE.
WE DEMAND THE USE OF THESE PARTIAL COMPENSATORY DAMAGES FOR THE INSTITUTIONAL REBUILDING OF THE BLACK NATION AND COMMUNITY WITH ABSOLUTELY NO STRINGS ATTACHED.
WE FULLY SUPPORT ALL NATIONAL REPARATIONS MOVEMENTS, AND CALL ON ALL BLACK ORGANIZATIONS TO FIGHT FOR REPARATIONS BY ANY MEANS NECESSARY!!
IN FULL RESPECT AND HONOR TO THE ORIGINAL BLACK PANTHER PARTY