“In The Motherland-Afrika”
Afrikan Independence Movements
Survival of the New Afrikan Independence Movement
Outline Thesis: Discussion of New Afrikan Independence Movement Survival to spite united states governmental policy & CONstitutional Impacts
A. New Afrikan
D. informed choice
E. viable options
A. Definition of New Afrikan
B. declaration of war against Afrikans
C. brief analysis of colonial europeans founding fathers
D. Three Viable options plus one
E. Afrikan nation builders
All spellings of amerikkka, overstand vs. understand, “i” lower case, We in capital, u.s.a., european, white, in lowercase, Black in upper case and the like are purely intentional, as symbolic of the efforts of this author to purge from the psychopathology which is in opposition to the Afrikan centered ethos of which this author subscribes.
Survival of the New Afrikan Independence Movement
Thesis: Discussion of New Afrikan Independence Movement Survival to Spite united states governmental policy & CONstitutional Impacts. New Afrikans are defined as a people linked by common experience, being captured by invaders of the new world, sold into slavery, suffering dehumanizing treatment and were denied basic human rights. Being denied our history, cultures, tradition and languages, the common thread that binds community and family were broken.
So We could not build alliances on the basis of being identified as Ashanti or Hausa, Zulu, Yoruba or Mandinka. Thus, We find a New Afrikan, with new common bonds: Independence. New Afrikans set into full motion the revolutionary actions necessary to fight amerikkkans for our own independence. The New Afrikan Independence Movement grew out of a desperate need to respond to governmental policy and CONstitutional laws of the united states.
The written declaration of war against the New Afrikan Independence Movement in the form of Article one, paragraph one, section 9 (titled the legislative articles/powers denied to congress), states, “…the migration of importation of such persons as any of the states now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the congress prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight…” (Burns; 1989:22C) What this means in plain english is, the united states declares war on Afrikans in Afrika as well as New Afrikans. It also meant the slave trade would continue another 20 years and “…the full powers of the united states government would be used to protect all amerikkkans engaging in the trade.” (Obadele; 1989:17) The united states, by law, supported war in Afrika against Afrikans.
In brief analysis of some of the european colonial founding father’s writings, We find some very interesting text, relating to New Afrikans. In the CONstitution for example, article 4, section 2, paragraph 3, interstate relations (in the portion some textbooks refer to as privileges & immunities), it states, “…no person held to service or labour in one state, under the laws thereof, escaping into another shall in consequence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labour, but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or labour may be due.” (Burns; 1989: 22d). This article was certainly never for the benefit of New Afrikans. For amerikkkans, article 4, section 2, paragraph 3 calls for no celebration of New Afrikans who dared to seize independence by fighting for our freedom. For New Afrikans, article 4, section 2, paragraph 3 represents a clear, unquestionable declaration of war which still stands today. The authors of various text books would have us think that the 13th amendment repeals this article. Such is not the case. Article 4, section 2, paragraph 3 is clearly defined in Imari Obadele’s book titled, The New International Law Regime and united states Foreign Policy, where he states, “…article 4, section 2, paragraph 3 … pledged the full force of the united states’ state structure—president, governors, courts, militia, army, navy, sheriffs—to prevent the quest of freedom of the brave New Afrikans and to return those to slavery who succeeded in winning their strikes for freedom.” (Obadele; 1991:323) Clearly, the white founding fathers (policy makers) and their documents, they co-authored, were designed to have damaging affects on the New Afrikan Independence Movement. Further, more obstacles to the New Afrikan Independence Movement include the 13th, 14th, & 15th amendments. Amendment 13 made a change in the law. New Afrikans held as slaves were no longer slave or property. Slavery was dead but the 13th amendment was merely declamatory of the fact that New Afrikans died with honors in the civil war for the rights of freedom. As for the 14th amendment, where it grants citizenship, it must be noted that, that which is granted can be rescinded. In fact, it is, at best an offer, not a grant. It is an option which We have and have never given up our rights to. The CONstitution assumes a conqueror’s superiority when addressing New Afrikans in legislation under the facade of offers and grants. Such is the case with the united states and Turtle Islander (native amer. indian) nations like the Cherokee, Creek, and Tuscarora in which the supreme kkkourt stated these nations and others were not completely independent but “domestic and dependent nations.” (Obadele; 1991:323) Thus, these amendments (even if well intended, which is questionable) are in violation of New Afrikans’ rights. Freedom, citizenship, the vote, which the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments attempt to address, are rights, not grants or offers or acts of legislation; rights of choice of New Afrikans; rights demonstrated by plebiscite which has yet to occur. New Afrikans have the right to informed choice to follow the Strategies of Struggle.
Until We vote to either:
1. build an Independent Nation State,
2. Choose united states citizenship,
3. go back to Afrika,
4. go to some other country of our choosing (not Afrika or u.s.a.); live with independent Turtle Islander nations, any legislation constitutes an imposition of our right to self determination. New Afrikans must consciously and freely choose. The key element here is the right of free informed choice. It can not be emphasized enough that New Afrikans had and still have four logical choices of political futures. Choices other than united states citizenship find New Afrikans far less informed, since the other options still remain less palatable to white amerikkkans. Another example of the CONstitution assuming a conqueror’s superiority stance is eloquently stated in Dr. Imari Obadele’s book, Foundations of a Black Nation, “When the u.s. bought the Virgin Islands from Denmark… the u.s. never asked the Black Virgin Islanders… to express their views on future status. u.s. congress simply passed a law and made all Virgin Islanders u.s. citizens.” (1975:22) This is yet another clear example of the denial of our rights to self-determination. For those who celebrate Kwanzaa, the New Afrikan holiday created by Dr. Ron Karenga, you will relate to the principle of Kujichagulia (Self Determination). Defined, self determination means, man know thyself, determine for yourself who you are, and accept no one else’s definition of you. Kujichagulia is one of the laws of the Nguzo Saba (Seven Principles) which govern conscious New Afrikans’ lives and the holiday of Kwanzaa. The New Afrikan Independence Movement is not a new concept. Available to New Afrikans were what i refer to as the Three Viable Options, plus One.
These options were/are:
1. return to Afrika,
2. integrate into united states society,
3. build an independent Nation State or plus one: escaped to Turtle Islander Nations.
History records a few instances where enslaved/captured Afrikans chose the option of returning to Afrika. Such instances of resistance to enslavement include the overtaking of the slave ship Little George in 1730, the overtaking of the slave ship the William in 1732 and the slave ship Creole in 1841. The Creole did not return to Afrikan but rather to the Bahamas to establish themselves as free, independent and sovereign Afrikans. In 1820, 88 New Afrikans arrived on the west coast in the state of Liberia. Their return to Afrika, contributed to the building of Sierra Leone and Liberia. Hundreds of thousands of New Afrikans believed this to be the only way to uplift a degraded people. Among those who returned was David Coker, religious leader and schoolmaster of Baltimore. Others who returned to Afrika include John Russwurm, college grad, co-founder of the first New Afrikan newspaper; Alexander Crummell, minister and scholar; Lott Carey, clergy, doctor, agriculturist; Ed W. Blyden, scholar; Henry Garnet; and Dr. Martin Delaney who was a physician.
The next option of integration was chosen by such Afrikans as Osborne Perry Anderson, who was a comrade of John Brown who led a force of white amerikkkans and New Afrikans on a successful attack on Harper’s Ferry (the united states arsenal) in Virginia in 1859. Anderson’s hope was that their collective would become a state of the united states. Instead, John Brown and others were hung, Perry Anderson escaped and became a fugitive thereafter. Other integrationists include Richard Allen, Frederick Douglas (who knew of John Brown’s plan to attack Harper’s Ferry and was forced to flee to europe for fear of united states prosecution of co-conspiracy), Harriet Tubman, David Walker, Henry Highland Garnet, Ida B. Wells and Sojourner Truth. The united states declared its independence in 1776. Its CONstitution went into effect in 1789. In 1800, on October 7th, a mere dozen years after the CONstitution was approved, General Gabriel Prosser and his secret army of over 1000 freedom fighters, armed with weapons and a careful, meticulous plan marched towards Richmond, Virginia. Fierce thunderstorms washed out roads and bridges, causing the revolt to be aborted. General Prosser and 22 others were hung when their plans were discovered. General Prosser’s objective was not merely to abolish slavery but also to establish an independent nation state. His intentions are stated in his choice of target, the state capital. This objective makes clear that his was a movement and not an individual or small group attack, nor a blow in anger to kill evil slavemasters. Herein, Prophet Nat Turner deserves honorable mention for his revolt which killed 60 whites. Abolishment of slavery was his mission and less focused was he on New Afrikan Nation building. As it relates to the Three Viable Options (or the Strategies of Struggle), General Prosser was in the good company of fellow nation builders like General Gracia. General Gracia established Gracia Real De Santa Teresa De Mose in 1739 to 1763. Then united states general andrew jackson uprooted and forced General Gracia southward; exercising the plus one option, General Gracia established the New Afrikan-Turtle Islander Seminole state in 1836-1842 in Spanish Florida. General Gracia was later captured and murdered. Also, following in the footsteps of General Gabriel Prosser was General Denmark Vesey, in 1822, whose army numbered over 9,000. His elaborate plan centered on total secrecy and taking Charleston. Due to special preparations by amerikkkans, the attack was postponed. Rumors of revolt led to the arrests of Denmark, Peter Poyas and 4 others. They died silently. The army of over 9,000 was never discovered by the white amerikkkans.
New Afrikan freedom fighters all over the new world fought and built independent nation states from Zumbi of Palmares Republic in Brazil; to General Kojo, Accompong, Kofi, Johnny and Nana Acheampong (a female) in Jamaica; to Toussaint L’Overture in Haiti. Other nation builders include Martin Delaney who published various Black Nationalist newsletters; Rev. Tunis Campell, who built a New Afrikan government on several islands including St. Catherine and Sapelo off the coast of Georgia with a 275 man defense force (u.s. army forced him to give up the islands); Henry Adams who appealed fruitlessly for land for his nation state in Louisiana; and finally, Edward McCabe who sought to make Oklahoma his national territory. Generals Prosser, Gracia, Vesey, Kojo and Rev. Campbell with all the above mentioned nation builders along with those whose names escape the history books, are prime examples of the support for and the practice of the viable option (strategic goal) of independent nation-statehood. The Plus One option, was not considered viable. Escape of New Afrikans to Turtle Islander states was considered temporary. Though, temporary, many New Afrikans resorted to finding safehaven in these communities. “The strategic goal of escaping to the Indians and joining them was pursued by New Afrikans individually and in groups, but arguably, this goal never became a national strategic goal. It tended to be an expedient.” (Obadele; 1991:329) Textbooks in amerikkka would have us think that New Afrikans escaping to Turtle Islander nations was not necessary and that freedom fighters like Gabriel, Denmark, Tunis and others, mentioned and not mentioned, were not worthy of note. When these New Afrikan heroes and sheroes are briefly commented upon, it is mostly in a unsuccessful or criminal context. But who are the real criminals? Are We to believe that washington, adams, hamilton, madison and jefferson along with such notables as roger sherman, robert livingston and ben franklin were lovers of freedom? Was their love of freedom merely a part of a feel good curriculum? Who were they really? Let’s look at a few of these men from our Afrikan centered perspective.
The first draft of the declaration of independence of 1775 reveals a compromise on the part of jefferson resulting in the omission of the indictment against slavery. “thomas jefferson never had a white woman by his side after his white wife died in 1782 and for the next twenty years as he was ambassador to france, secretary of state, and president of the united states, jefferson only had a Black woman by his side” named “Sally Hemmings,” as stated in the most capable words of Dr. Leonard Jefferies, (speech published in the Saturday, August 31, 27ADM  issue of the New York Amsterdam News Paper:32). None of the slaves of jefferson were ever freed by him nor were the children of Sally Hemmings nor Sally herself.
It needs to be overstood that any New Afrikan who opposed the lovers of freedom were taking a very principled stand. Benjamin Banneker for example, challenged thomas jefferson’s beliefs of Afrikan inferiority. Banneker accomplished what franklin could only take credit for. Banneker and franklin lived during the same time period and were acquaintances. Both were scientists and creators of almanacs. However, Banneker’s almanac was so accurate that it is still the basis of almanacs of today, where franklin’s is not. Banneker was an inventor and engineer. When Banneker City (washington dc) was in jeopardy of not being built because the frenchman who had the plans left taking them with him, Banneker, from memory, drafted the plans. Therefore, Benjamin Banneker represents more than ben franklin (at least in the hears and minds of conscious New Afrikans). The real criminals? Throughout history franklin has taken credit for the works of Banneker. But isn’t that typical behavior of white amerikkka? Lewis Latimer’s work was taken credit for, by thomas edison. Granville Wood’s work was taken credit for by alexander graham bell. Woods was a New Afrikan who is quoted in Dr. Jeffries’s speech, taking the principled stand of “i’m not going to be bought off by a white man.” (Jeffries; 1991:32) Woods and his brother established the Woods Electric Co. in Ohio. It also should be noted in the face of text book omissions, that Woods took edison to kkkourt twice for stealing his patents and Woods won the case. So, We have franklin and jefferson, for example, with other white criminals who were claiming freedom for themselves, while simultaneously trying to protect and preserve the system of slavery, cultural imperialism and oppression of Afrikans globally. The New Afrikan Independence Movement today is still being met with violent opposition just as in the days of Tunis, Gabriel, Denmark and others. Those seeking the option of building our own New Afrikan independent nation state, like our New Afrikan ancestors, still sit, today, in u.s. jails, dead, discredited, in exile or in the underground network. The fact is, neither the state of Mississippi CONstitution, for example, nor the u.s. federal government CONstitution provides any methods whereby New Afrikans may exercise our right to build an independent nation, separating ourselves peacefully from the u.s. Congressman Fauntleroy and Conyers have forwarded legal documents on behalf of those seeking the option of an independent nation, placing proposals in the hands of richard nixon. With the exception of violent attacks against New Afrikans doing nation building work around the country, the u.s. chooses to ignore any such proposals.
So, in conclusion, the governmental policies and CONstitutional laws and legislation are merely tools to pacify New Afrikans and lull us into a state of illusionary contentment. The 15th amendment grants the vote via the imposed citizenship of the 14th amendment. Yet, all attempts to organize a plebiscite by New Afrikans to participate in an informed vote of self-determination, has been met with conspiracy, armed resistance and violence on behalf of the u.s. government and its various factions of its infrastructure. These amendments are mere pacifiers and like all pacifiers, they build gas and no nourishment will ever come from them. Therefore, the cons are amerikkka’s persistence to cremate the New Afrikan place of genius, persistence and resistance in history. The pros are the afterlife of New Afrikans who continue to rise like the phoenix from the ashes, unwilling to die the death of historical cremation which amerikkka has prepared for us. From the rebellion on the first slave ships, to the present day efforts of New Afrikans to BE a force in the struggle for independence; We will not merely shut up and disappear; We can not be bought off; We will not fear. If the “price of freedom is death,” in the words of Malcolm X, then We will pay it with commitment and devotion through New Afrikan Nation building: a viable alternative to racism, cultural imperialism and white supremacy in amerikkka.
The New Afrikan Independence movement in its present day form:
Provisional Government Republic of New Afrika. PGRNA
Country Report Supplement
Country: Republic of New Afrika (RNA)
Population: (based on the population of the five states in the Black Belt South, outlined as the national territory of RNA):
6,194,077.45 total Black population
21,391,663 total population
Louisiana – 4,287,195 total population 1,320,456.06 (30.8%) Black population Mississippi – 2,614,294 total population 930,688.664 (35.6%) Black population Alabama – 4,135,543 total population 1,046,292.379 (25.3%) Black population Georgia – 6,751,404 total population 1,822,879.08 (27%) Black population S. Carolina – 3,603,277 total population 1,073,761.646 Black population Land Size (based on the land size of the five states in the Black Belt South, outlined as the national territory of the RNA): 229,260 total square miles Louisiana – 43,566 sq. mi.
Alabama – 50,750 sq. mi.
Mississippi – 46,914 sq. mi.
Georgia – 57,919 sq. mi.
S. Carolina – 30,111 sq. mi.
Significant Natural Resources:
Alabama – chief port in Mobile agriculture: peanuts, cotton, soybeans, cottonseed, catfish, hay, corn, wheat, potatoes, sweet potatoes, pecans, peaches live stock: cattle, hogs, pigs, poultry, catfish timber/lumber: pine, hard woods non-fuel minerals: stone, cement, clay, lime, sand and gravel commercial fishing principle industries: pulp, paper, electronics, chemicals, apparels, textiles, primary metals, lumber, wood products, food processing, fabricated metals, automotive tires, oil & gas exploration Georgia – chief ports: Savanna, Brunswick chief crops: peanuts, cotton, corn, tobacco, hay, soybeans timber/lumber: pine, hardwood livestock: poultry, cattle, hogs, pigs commercial fishing principle industries: services, manufacturing, government, retail trade, textiles, foods, kindred products Louisiana – chief ports: Baton Rouge, New Orleans, Lake Charles, S. Louisiana Port Commission at LaPlate, Shreasport principle industries/goods: wholesale/retail trade, transportation, mining, chemical products, foods, transportation equipment, electronic equipment, petroleum, lumber, wood, paper agriculture: soy beans, sugar cane, rice, corn, cotton, sweet potatoes, pecans surahgum livestock: cattle, hogs, pigs, sheep, poultry timber/lumber: pine, hardwood, oak natural minerals: salt, sand, gravel, sulfur commercial fishing oil (off shore & under the ground)
Mississippi – Pascagoula, Vicksburg, Gulf Port, Natchez, Greenville principle industries/goods: manufacturing, government, wholesale/retail trade, apparels, food, kindred products, furniture, lumber, wood products, electrical machinery, transportation products/chief crops: cotton, catfish, rice, soybeans livestock: cattle, hogs, pigs, broilers timber/lumber: pine, oak, hardwoods non-fuel minerals: construction sand, gravel, commercial fishing oil.
South Carolina – Charleston, Georgetown, Port Royal principle industries/goods: tourism, agriculture, manufacturing, textiles, chemicals, allied products, machinery, fabricated products, metals, apparels chief crops: tobacco, soy beans, corn, cotton, peaches, hay livestock: cattle, hogs, pigs, chickens, (excluding broilers)] timber/lumber: pine, oak non-fuel minerals: crushed stone, cement, clay commercial fishing Economics/GNP/P.C.I. – diversified; no immediate use for thesse in the present provisional state National/Ethnic/Tribal Groups (%’s): Afrikan descendants, Turtle Islanders (native amer. indians)
Religious Groups (%’s): Afrikan traditionalists and other beliefs Marriage system: both polygamous and monogamous Languages: KiSwahili (national language), english, and others History:
1. Ancient Civilizations: Songhai, Timbuktu, Khemet, Ethiopia, Inca Aztec
2. Major conflicts/wars (in 20th century): Cointel-Pro (fbi /cia’s counter intelligence programs waged against Afrikan and New Afrikan nationalist/PanAfrikanist/integrationist structures
3. Independence: initial declaration October 7, 1800 by General Gabriel Prosser and New Afrikan army of more than 1,000 in Richmond, Va.
Contemporary declaration: 1968, Detroit, Michigan, New Afrikans meet to establish a written document of their Declaration of Independence, establishing the Provisional Government of the Republic of New Afrika Human Rights Assessments: Rating/Source: non-applicable Political Rights: All Afrikans born in amerikkka have the right as stated in the Code of Umoja (RNA Constitution)
Voting Rights: All Afrikans born in amerikkka have the right to vote as stated in the Code of Umoja (also the National Black Elections texts) Criminal (Right of Accused): All New Afrikan citizens presently held in amerikkkan kkkoncentration kkkamps prisons) should be given POW/political prisoner status and then set free (refer to POW mailing list) Economic/Property Rights: All New Afrikan citizens have the rights as sighted in the Code of Umoja International/Regional Security/Trade
Libya: assist in RNA sovereignty and statehood Cuba: same as Libya (give asylum to our military in exile) Turtle Islanders: exchange assistance of our independence with theirs Sources: The Libya Papers Turtle Islander Treaty Papers Cuban Alliance Papers Type of Government (Formal Structure):
Constitutional – Code of Umoja
Parliamentary – PCC (People’s Senate Council representatives elected by the citizens), have a vote in the PCC Ministries – not elected by popular vote, appointed by the head representative (President), approved by the PCC, have no vote in the PCC non-party system No cracies, isms, or other terms apply Current issue (political controversy or event) that is (or was recently) associated with the RNA: Afrikan Independence in the Diaspora (especially in the united states) What the political issue/controversy is about: Fundamental reason oppression of Afrikans born in amerikkka continues, is because We lack the power to control our lives; the way to gain that power and end oppression is to build a sovereign New Afrikan nation (wage parliamentary war) Source: New Afrikan Creed Primary goals in the issue: is to gain power, end our oppression, build state (military power, government, inter into relations with other states)
Opposition to the objectives of the RNA: amerikkka wishes to continue to control, retain power, oppress and continue relations which affect Afrikan lives
Initiatives for implementation of the Prime Minister/Chief Executive of the RNA: use the resources of Afrikans – brains, labor, natural resources, limited objective, domestic support, foreign support, inherent military viability, with second strike capability (ref. Eight Strategic Elements) What policy should u.s.a. president clinton and/or secretary of state initiate: support all reparations bills submitted to congress on behalf of the RNA (ref. Conyers HR40 Bill) and open negotiations with elected representatives of RNA to begin peaceful relations; encourage and support RNA plebiscite.
by Rev. Khandi Paasewe ©Copyright Nov’ 27ADM ®Registered Washitaw/PGRNA
Where do we go from here?
Text by Ayize Atiba. 8 March, 1995.
Sons and Daughters of Africa, Until Africa is Organized by Pan-Africanism the Masses of Africans Worldwide will Continue to Suffer! Citizens of Africa Worldwide Arise ! ! !
It must be understood that liberation movements in Africa, the struggle of Black (African) Power in America or in any other part of the world, can only find consummation in the political unification of Africa, the home of the black man and people of African descent throughout the world.
– Kwame Nkrumah
(A RBG Presentation/Lesson)
The total liberation and unification of Africa under an All African Socialist Government must be the primary objective of all Black revolutionaries throughout the world. It is an objective which when achieved will bring about the fulfillment of the aspirations of Afncans and people of Afncan descent everywbere. It will at the same time advance the triumph of the international socialist revolution.
We Are African People Wherever We Were Born No matter where we were born in the world. African (black) People are historically and culturally linked. Our history, identity, and culture are rooted in the many thousands of years of development of African civilization on the African continent. This is a consequence of the ever forward movement and motion of the African masses. It is from this historical march of our people (African [black] People) that we derive our African culture, the sum total of material and spiritual values created by our people. It is this invincible weapon, African culture, that has always served to fight against all forms of oppression and exploitation, to move forward African People and African civilization.
How The Division Of Our Nation Arose
Today Africa is divided into over 50 different and dis-unified countries as a result of the European (white) Imperialist impact on Africa. Prior to European colonialism, Africa was in a historical march that was moving toward the African continental integration of it’s resources, economics, politics, cultural life etc.. . . Our forward march towards ever increasing African continental unity was disrupted, disturbed, and derailed (not destroyed), as a consequence of European enslavement and colonization of Africa and her people. The division of the African continent through different artificial borders during colonialism, and the scattering of hundreds of thousands of Africans outside of Africa during the slave trade only helped to advance the interest of European capitalist inside of Europe and America. We must fight for the Unification of the African Continent, and thus all African people in order to advance the interest of the African masses worldwide.
How To Resolve The Plight Of Our People Worldwide
Land is the basis of all Power, Africa is our Land. Until the entire continent of Africa (including it’s islands) with all its human and vastly rich natural resources are under the control of the African masses, made up of the revolutionary working, peasant, and intellectual classes, African people everywhere will merely be living at the mercy of foreign interest and not our own. We must authenticate our actions wherever we find ourselves in the world by serving Afrikan interest.
Africa has more natural resources than any continent on earth. Properly organized we could feed, clothe, shelter provide health care, educate, defend militarily, and develop technologically, economically, culturally, spiritually, etc. In ways that move forward the entire masses of African men, women, and children worldwide. For those African people who were scattered outside of Africa and are now living in the Caribbean, Brazil, Panama Grenada, Britain, U.S.A., etc.. . .understand that this scattering of Africans was part of the division of our Nation. An, like Africans born at home in Africa, we can not truly, completely, and permanently resolve our problems without the total liberation and unification of the African continent under an All-Socialist Government No African people in particular or any people in general began their history on a slave ship. Only a powerfully organized socialist Africa continent can protect her people, feed her people, employ her people, defend her people, and advance her people n matter where we live on this earth. This is real and authentic power, real liberation, and real self-determination. The time for all slave and colonial originated theories, identities, and actions are over. Dignified Citizens of Africa. wherever you were born, arise!
To find out how you can militantly work to build a strong and powerful African Nation that can Advance and protect her people worldwide call (602) 491-6632 or 437-9138.
TODAY, THE TIME FOR MILITANT ACTION IS NOW ! !
For us in Africa, for the people of African descent everywhere, there can be no turning back, no compromise, no fear of failure or death. Africa must and shall fulfil her destiny. Even though revolution in other parts of the world may wither or go astray, the African revolution must reach its goal of unity and socialism. We have taken the correct road, even though hazardous. We face death as we face life with head up, eyes lifted, proud and unafraid. The seed dies that life may come forth. So, we may meet death knowing that we can not be defeated. For the oppressed peoples of the world will one day triumph.
All Peoples of African descent, whether they live in North or South America, the Caribbean, or in any other part of the world are Africans and belong to the African nation.
– Kwame Nkrumah
RBG Tools For Analysis
- Nation-Class Perspective: We must analyze everything from the interests of our African nation (i.e., our homeland Africa and our people, Africans) and also in the interests of the oppressed, exploited African masses. We must always try to analyze the nation/class interests involved in everything; historical present-day, and future. Thus it is clear that anywhere you find racism (national oppression) and class exploitation, they must be fought against.
- There is positive and negative in everything: We must always try to identify opposing forces in everything. We must look for the positive forces and the negative forces in all social processes; at all levels, and in all aspects. When we say positive, we mean those forces which are in line with our goal (Pan Africanism, one unified socialist Africa) and our ideology (Nkrumahism Toureism). When we say negative, we mean anything that is opposed to our goal and ideology.
- Change is constant: Everything changes: It is the struggle between the positive and negative forces in everything that produces change. We must look for the movement and direction of movement in all things because everything is in motion, although at different rates and speed. Change that occurs slow and gradual without violent or sudden jumps is called evolutionary; while change that occurs rapidly, violently, or with a sudden leap is called revolutionary change (if the change is total and some new quality or state of being occurs). From this we can see then that revolution is a way for man to consciously speed up his positive development. Conflict that causes change is either antagonistic, (violent, principled, intense) or non-antagonistic (non-violent, tactical, less intense and hostile).
- Always look for the new in the old.
- Always look for the old in the new.
- Always remember that the masses are the makers of history. This will help us properly understand the role of heroes and individuals as only catalysts in the historical development of mankind. We know that history is only changed and moved forward through the collective activity of the working, struggling masses of the people.
- Matter is primary: We know that both matter and mind (spirit) exist, but that matter is primary, and all that is “spiritual” (i.e., not matter) arises from matter. Ideas, attitudes, etc. always arise from specific concrete conditions which must be looked at and understood to properly understand the impact of the ideas, attitudes, ideologies, etc. on the concrete material world.
- Remember that history is a process, not a series of unconnected events. Look for the interconnection between all social/historical forces. History is also subjective. In other words, while we understand that what has happened and what is happening is objective (factual, independent of man’s will), the interpretation or emphasis given to history always reflects the outlook or interests of a particular nation and a particular class, at a particular time in history.
- The basis or cause for change is internal; i.e., the internal qualities of a thing determine the kind of change it can or does go through. The conditions for change are external; i.e., the changes that a thing goes through are greatly affected by the environment or conditions around it and outside of it.
Black Nationalism: Critiques and Suggestions