“We Are African People Wherever We Were Born No matter where we were born in the world. African (black) People are historically and culturally linked. Our history, identity, and culture are rooted in the many thousands of years of development of African civilization on the African continent. This is a consequence of the ever forward movement and motion of the African masses. It is from this historical march of our people (African [black] People) that we derive our African culture, the sum total of material and spiritual values created by our people. It is this invincible weapon, African culture, that has always served to fight against all forms of oppression and exploitation, to move forward African People and African civilization.”
From Ayize Atiba. 8 March, 1995 / Full essay below
The mediocre teacher tells.
The good teacher explains.
The superior teacher demonstrates.
The great teacher inspires.
1) What do the lyrics of a particular song really mean?
2) Who controls hip hop in terms of how rap artists is selected; what rap music is produced; how and to whom it is marketed?
3) What is the role of commercial radio in making rap music hits and who benefits financially from our imagination, creativity and intellect?
4) What personal and community values, principles and ideals does a particular rap song promote?
5) How do we neutralize the expolitation of our creativity by corporate executives/rich white men who largely direct the course of mainstream rap / hip-hop culture?
6) Are too many of our youth using the messages and images of so called gangsta rap and rap music videos to develop both their personal and public identities?
Where do we go from here?
Text by Ayize Atiba. 8 March, 1995.
Sons and Daughters of Africa, Until Africa is Organized by Pan-Africanism the Masses of Africans Worldwide will Continue to Suffer! Citizens of Africa Worldwide Arise ! ! !
It must be understood that liberation movements in Africa, the struggle of Black (African) Power in America or in any other part of the world, can only find consummation in the political unification of Africa, the home of the black man and people of African descent throughout the world.
– Kwame Nkrumah
The total liberation and unification of Africa under an All African Socialist Government must be the primary objective of all Black revolutionaries throughout the world. It is an objective which when achieved will bring about the fulfillment of the aspirations of Africa and people of African descent everywhere. It will at the same time advance the triumph of the international socialist revolution.
We Are African People Wherever We Were Born No matter where we were born in the world. African (black) People are historically and culturally linked. Our history, identity, and culture are rooted in the many thousands of years of development of African civilization on the African continent. This is a consequence of the ever forward movement and motion of the African masses. It is from this historical march of our people (African [black] People) that we derive our African culture, the sum total of material and spiritual values created by our people. It is this invincible weapon, African culture, that has always served to fight against all forms of oppression and exploitation, to move forward African People and African civilization.
How The Division Of Our Nation Arose
Today Africa is divided into over 50 different and dis-unified countries as a result of the European (white) Imperialist impact on Africa. Prior to European colonialism, Africa was in a historical march that was moving toward the African continental integration of it’s resources, economics, politics, cultural life etc.. . . Our forward march towards ever increasing African continental unity was disrupted, disturbed, and derailed (not destroyed), as a consequence of European enslavement and colonization of Africa and her people. The division of the African continent through different artificial borders during colonialism, and the scattering of hundreds of thousands of Africans outside of Africa during the slave trade only helped to advance the interest of European capitalist inside of Europe and America. We must fight for the Unification of the African Continent, and thus all African people in order to advance the interest of the African masses worldwide.
How To Resolve The Plight Of Our People Worldwide
Land is the basis of all Power, Africa is our Land. Until the entire continent of Africa (including it’s islands) with all its human and vastly rich natural resources are under the control of the African masses, made up of the revolutionary working, peasant, and intellectual classes, African people everywhere will merely be living at the mercy of foreign interest and not our own. We must authenticate our actions wherever we find ourselves in the world by serving Afican interest.
Africa has more natural resources than any continent on earth. Properly organized we could feed, clothe, shelter provide health care, educate, defend militarily, and develop technologically, economically, culturally, spiritually, etc. In ways that move forward the entire masses of African men, women, and children worldwide. For those African people who were scattered outside of Africa and are now living in the Caribbean, Brazil, Panama Grenada, Britain, U.S.A., etc.. . .understand that this scattering of Africans was part of the division of our Nation. An, like Africans born at home in Africa, we can not truly, completely, and permanently resolve our problems without the total liberation and unification of the African continent under an All-Socialist Government No African people in particular or any people in general began their history on a slave ship. Only a powerfully organized socialist Africa continent can protect her people, feed her people, employ her people, defend her people, and advance her people n matter where we live on this earth. This is real and authentic power, real liberation, and real self-deterrnination. The time for all slave and colonial originated theories, identities, and actions are over. Dignified Citizens of Africa. wherever you were born, arise!
TODAY, THE TIME FOR MILITANT ACTION IS NOW ! !
For us in Africa, for the people of African descent everywhere, there can be no turning back, no compromise, no fear of failure or death. Africa must and shall fulfil her destiny. Even though revolution in other parts of the world may wither or go astray, the African revolution must reach its goal of unity and socialism. We have taken the correct road, even though hazardous. We face death as we face life with head up, eyes lifted, proud and unafraid. The seed dies that life may come forth. So, we may meet death knowing that we can not be defeated. For the oppressed peoples of the world will one day triumph.
All Peoples of African descent, whether they live in North or South America, the Caribbean, or in any other part of the world are Africans and belong to the African nation.
– Kwame Nkrumah
RBG Tools For Analysis
- Nation-Class Perspective: We must analyze everything from the interests of our African nation (i.e., our homeland Africa and our people, Africans) and also in the interests of the oppressed, exploited African masses. We must always try to analyze the nation/class interests involved in everything; historical present-day, and future. Thus it is clear that anywhere you find racism (national oppression) and class exploitation, they must be fought against.
- There is positive and negative in everything: We must always try to identify opposing forces in everything. We must look for the positive forces and the negative forces in all social processes; at all levels, and in all aspects. When we say positive, we mean those forces which are in line with our goal (Pan Africanism, one unified socialist Africa) and our ideology (Nkrumahism Toureism). When we say negative, we mean anything that is opposed to our goal and ideology.
- Change is constant: Everything changes: It is the struggle between the positive and negative forces in everything that produces change. We must look for the movement and direction of movement in all things because everything is in motion, although at different rates and speed. Change that occurs slow and gradual without violent or sudden jumps is called evolutionary; while change that occurs rapidly, violently, or with a sudden leap is called revolutionary change (if the change is total and some new quality or state of being occurs). From this we can see then that revolution is a way for man to consciously speed up his positive development. Conflict that causes change is either antagonistic, (violent, principled, intense) or non-antagonistic (non-violent, tactical, less intense and hostile).
- Always look for the new in the old.
- Always look for the old in the new.
- Always remember that the masses are the makers of history. This will help us properly understand the role of heroes and individuals as only catalysts in the historical development of mankind. We know that history is only changed and moved forward through the collective activity of the working, struggling masses of the people.
- Matter is primary: We know that both matter and mind (spirit) exist, but that matter is primary, and all that is “spiritual” (i.e., not matter) arises from matter. Ideas, attitudes, etc. always arise from specific concrete conditions which must be looked at and understood to properly understand the impact of the ideas, attitudes, ideologies, etc. on the concrete material world.
- Remember that history is a process, not a series of unconnected events. Look for the interconnection between all social/historical forces. History is also subjective. In other words, while we understand that what has happened and what is happening is objective (factual, independent of man’s will), the interpretation or emphasis given to history always reflects the outlook or interests of a particular nation and a particular class, at a particular time in history.
- The basis or cause for change is internal; i.e., the internal qualities of a thing determine the kind of change it can or does go through. The conditions for change are external; i.e., the changes that a thing goes through are greatly affected by the environment or conditions around it and outside of it.
Black Nationalism: Critiques and Suggestions