The original RNA manifesto demanded the cession by the United States of the Southern states of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and South Carolina and the payment of $400 billion in reparations for the injustices suffered by black Americans during the slavery and segregation periods. These concessions would then form the basis of an independent black nation.
The republic and Provisional Government was founded at a conference of Militant Black Nationalists meeting in Detroit in 1968. The conference was convened by attorney Gaidi Obadele and Imari Abubakari Obadele, former acquaintances of Malcolm X who . Imari Obadele was elected to the position of “Provisional President”.
- Rev. Milton Henry (Gaidi Obadele) With Malcolm X in Detroit, April 12, 1964, at the Group on Advance Leadership (GOAL) Office located at 11605 Linwood on the west side
The RNA advocated cooperative economics and community self-sufficiency, political rights and press freedoms, prohibiting trades unions, mandatory military service and the legalization of polygamy.
The US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) believed the Republic of New Africa to be a seditious group, and conducted raids on their meetings, leading to violent confrontations and the arrest and repeated imprisonment of RNA leaders. The RNA was a target of the COINTELPRO operation.
Following his 1980 release from prison, Imari Obadele attended Temple University and earned a PhD in political science. He has since taught at various universities and published books and articles upholding the aims of the RNA.
The RNA is today based in Washington, D.C., and has membership of almost 10,000.
Dr. Imari Obadele
Queen Mother Moore, Gaidi Obadele, right, in 1969, as vice president of the Republic of New Africa, with Mabel Williams, center, wife of the R.N.A.’s president in exile, Robert F. Williams
Marilyn Killingham, veteran and elder of the Republic of New Africa